WŁĄCZ WYSOKI KONTRAST

Ethnography

The Wyszogród Land is not only distant history but also people: their way of life, everyday occupations and sometimes their language, different from ours. Two rooms are devoted to the people of the Wyszogród Land. Among them, we can find Poles working as farmers but also as fishermen and wicker manufacturers as well as Germans and Olenders. Not many know, that the roads and balks with willow plantations so characteristic for the Mazovia region are a result of work done by the Olender settlers. In the Vistula Museum presented is the wicker manufacturing as well as all other benefits resulting from the cooperation of man with the Vistula river (fishing, fishery) and also the Mazovian Olender speciality – confiture manufacturing. Confiture was produced from sugar beets, which were amply planted and grown on the grounds, fertile owing to the muds carried by the river.

The Olenders are the descendants of the settlers from the areas of current Netherlands, Flanders and Frisia, who had been brought to our lands since the 16th century. What made them different from the local people was their religion (they were Mennonites) and the way they handled their farms. This had its results in the material culture of those people, and on the exhibition of the Vistula Museum some of its characteristics are presented. In the section devoted to the ethnography of the region, one can find eg. sabots – wooden shoes, popular in the Netherlands even nowadays, as well as objects connected with confiture manufacturing: a beet press and a large cauldron used for cooking beet juice used in manufacturing confiture. Confiture manufacturing is additionally discussed on the boards hung on the walls. Moreover, one can observe items typical for the Mazovian people: box flatirons, troughs used to prepare dough for baking bread, washboards for washing clothes, a mechanical mangle and wooden mangles, paraffin lamps, “dwojaki” – two-element portable pots with a handle and metal sawyer’s saws.

In the section devoted to wicker manufacturing, presented are the wicker items: baskets, but also trap-like tools used for fishing (“wiersz”, “kołyska”). Apart from the wicker objects, displayed as a combined theme are the fishing nets (“drygawica”, “pławka”, “rzutka”) and fish traps (“więcierz”).